Original Print: An image
produced from a matrix that may be a plate, stone, wood
block or any other material like silk-screen.
Reproduction: A copy of an image that already exists
in another medium. Reproductions include Offset-Lithography,
and Iris or other digital prints that may be misleadingly
signed and numbered by the artist.
Plate: A flat surface on which something is incised,
or engraved, or eroded by an acid or mordant. In the case of
plate lithography, the image is drawn or painted.
Limited Editions: Multiple prints made from a matrix
created by an artist. Each print is signed and numbered by
the artist. The prints are often referred to by the name of
the medium used to make the print, like etchings or
lithographs. Once the prints have been made, the matrix, or
plate is canceled or destroyed.
Relief Prints: Woodblock used
for woodcut and Linoleum blocks for Linocuts are gouged away
with sharp tools. The raised uncut surface is inked and
Intaglio: An image, design, or text is incised into
the surface of a plate, which, after excess ink is wiped
away, the print can be made. The grooves or pits that are
formed as a result of the etching process hold the ink that
will form the image when the print is made. Intaglio
printing processes include: etching, aquatint, engraving,
and mezzotint among others.
Lithography: A paleographic printing process where
the surface of a stone or metal plate is chemically treated
so that ink will only adhere to an image area. This image
area is then rolled with ink and printed.
Silk-screen Printing: A process where the image is
applied to a fine mesh screen. Non-image areas are blocked
out with a resist. When the print is being made, ink is
forced through the open areas of the screen and deposited on
the substrate of paper or fabric.
Monotype: Printed by a transfer onto paper or fabric.
A unique print of a drawing or painting.
Carborundum: A technique to create a textured effect
in etching. This process after it is set must be hand inked.
Certificate stating the number of prints in the edition, as
well as proofs, and the status of the plates (destroyed or
Certificate of Information: When a full disclosure is
not available. The selling gallery should give you as much
information as they know or can find out about the print.
Provenance: The history of previous ownership of a
piece of artwork.